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Asylum procedure

How do I apply for asylum?

Asylum-seekers in a waiting area

After registration and arrival at the reception centre, you will be given an appointment with the Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees). You must file your asylum application there in person; you cannot send it by post. It is not possible to say exactly when you will be given an appointment for a hearing. You may have to remain patient for a while. An interpreter will also take part in the interview.

What will happen at the Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees)?

The Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees) will take down your personal details. You will be photographed and your fingerprints will be taken if you do not yet have any proof of arrival (Ankunftsnachweis). Children under the age of 14 will not have their fingerprints taken.

Please bring your identity document (either the certificate of registration as asylum seeker or your proof of arrival) to the application appointment as well as the Federal Office letter inviting you to the appointment.

Bring also all the identity papers and evidence that are of importance for your asylum application or that prove why you had to flee your country of origin. These can include your passport, birth certificate and travel documents including tickets as well as photographs, documents issued by the police and other authorities and, where applicable, also medical reports.

You are obliged to help prove your identity. If you are unable to do so, your origin will be identified using speech analysis, for example.

What will I be asked when applying for asylum?

Questions that will be asked in the presence of an interpreter during the interview for the asylum application will include: personal details, place of residence, school education and professional training, family members in your country of origin, language skills, and route of travel.

You will be asked about your reasons for seeking asylum later on in the personal hearing.

The Federal Office will then give you a temporary residence permit (“Aufenthaltsgestattung”), which is valid for the duration of the asylum procedure. This is an identity document which you must carry on you at all times and show during police checks. The temporary residence permit authorises you to live and work in Germany under certain conditions until a decision has been made regarding your asylum application.

Can I stay in Germany for good with a temporary residence permit?

A temporary residence permit does not mean you can stay in Germany forever. It only serves to identify you for the duration of the asylum procedure.